Jaffe, Mordecai ben Abraham

(c. 1535-1612)
   Talmudist, kabbalist and communal leader. He was born in Prague. He studied in Poland under Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles, then returned to Prague, where he became head of a yeshivah. Later he settled in Venice but he eventually moved back to Eastern Europe and was appointed av bet din and head of the yeshivah of Grodno. He subse-quently lived in Lublin, Kremenets, Prague and Posen. He was the author of Levush Malkhut, a comprehensive code of Jewish law which provoked widespread criticism.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • JAFFE, MORDECAI BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1535–1612), talmudist, kabbalist, and communal leader. Born in Prague, Jaffe was sent as a boy to Poland to study under solomon luria and moses isserles . There he devoted himself also to the study of astronomy and philosophy (apparently at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SLONIK (Solnik), BENJAMIN AARON BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1550–c. 1619), Polish rabbi. Slonik was probably born in Grodno. He studied there in his youth under Nathan Nata Spiro. He was rabbi in Silesia (Joseph Katz, She erit Yosef (Cracow, 1590), no. 47) and Podhajce (Meir of Lublin, Responsa, no.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mordecai Yoffe — Mordecai ben Avraham Yoffe (or Jaffe or Joffe) (c. 1530, Prague March 7, 1612, Posen; Hebrew: מרדכי בן אברהם יפה) was a Rabbi, Rosh yeshiva and posek. He is best known as author of Levush Malkhut, a ten volume codification of Jewish law that… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN AVIGDOR — (d. 1542), rabbi and author. For 20 years, Abraham served as the rabbi of Prague. One of his pupils was Abraham Jaffe, the father of mordecai jaffe . In 1534 Abraham and the famous shtadlan Joseph (Joselmann) of Rosheim framed 23 takkanot… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JAFFE — JAFFE, family of Hebrew printers in lublin in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1557 KALONYMUS BEN MORDECAI JAFFE (d. c. 1603) was associated with eliezer b. isaac and other printers in the production of a Pentateuch with haftarot and the Five… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Famille Jaffe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jaffe. La famille Jaffe (ou Joffe) est une famille de rabbins, etc. représentée en Allemagne, Autriche, Russie, Grande Bretagne, Italie et aux États Unis. Leur origine remonte à Mordecai Jaffe (1530 1612), auteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL — (1525 or 1530–1572), Polish rabbi and codifier, one of the great halakhic authorities. His full family name, Isserel Lazarus was shortened to Isserles, but he is usually referred to as the Rema (acronym of Rabbi Moses Isserles). Isserles was born …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JONATHAN BEN JOSEPH OF RUZHANY — (late 17th–early 18th century), talmudist and astronomer. Jonathan was born in Ruzhany (Grodno province) and in his youth acquired an extensive knowledge of mathematics and astronomy in addition to that of Talmud. When a plague broke out in his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHAPIRA, ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN WOLF — (1660–1712), rabbi, preacher, and halakhist. Elijah studied under his grandfather, Aaron Simeon Shapira, and abraham abele gombiner . He was the brother in law of jacob reischer and of david oppenheim . He served as rabbi in Kolin, Bohemia, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • David ben Naphtali Fränkel — or David Hirschel Fränkel, (c. 1704 – April 4, 1762), was a Jewish German rabbi. Born in Berlin, for a time he was rabbi of Dessau. He became chief rabbi of Berlin in 1742. Fränkel exercised a great influence as teacher over Moses Mendelssohn,… …   Wikipedia

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